Finishing Touches: Facial Oils & Sunscreen

While many will be content for moisturizer to be the last step in a skin care regime, there are a couple more products that can make a big difference to keeping facial skin as youthful appearing as possible. Facial Oils and Sunscreen…let’s find out about the benefits!

Facial Oils
If you’re still leery of using oil on your face, I would like to offer my post on Acne and skin oils. Facial oils are beneficial for skin and do not cause acne when formulated properly.

Summer Bouquet Facial Oil
Stone Massage Facial Oil

Your facial oil can have a lot of potential benefits depending on the ingredients and their overall purpose is in protecting the deeper levels of dermal tissue. I say potential benefits because many oils contain intrinsic antibacterial, anti-oxidative, and healing properties.

Facial oils promote a healthy glow and this is even more important for mature and dry skin. As we’ve learned already, aging is responsible for less natural oil production and that all on its own can exacerbate the look of fine lines. Antioxidants in Facial Oils boost collagen production and increase skin’s elasticity, too.

One more bonus perk for Facial Oil – It can also help foundation apply more smoothly and consistently (plus you’ll most likely use less of it!) Makeup brushes and sponges glide across skin easily after applying Facial Oil so help prevent clumps or streaks. If you’re looking for more of a sheer effect simply mix a few drops of your Facial Oil and (liquid) foundation and apply both at the same time.

Tamanu Nut Oil
Rosehip Seed OIl

Properly formulated high-end oils with fatty acid profiles similar to the composition of skin can also pull grime from pores, giving them a smaller and less noticeable appearance. Additionally, many oils have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce redness from rosacea and environmental irritation.

If you apply Facial Oil as the last step in an evening skin care routine they are soaked up overnight and create an ultra-soft complexion in the morning.

I have a love/hate relationship with sunscreen. I love what it is designed to do: protect skin from the damaging effects of UV. I detest the ingredients that are in most sunscreen products. And…and this is the biggie – any product sold in the US is regulated as a drug because it makes a drug claim – and any product that is for helping to prevent sunburn or decreasing the risks of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun is classified as a drug. WTF?

What this effectively does is to create an entire class of skincare that no one is allowed to openly create unless the product goes through FDA compliance testing. That costs a lot. A lot a lot.

So…let’s chat a bit about the difference between mineral and synthetic sunscreen ingredients anyhow. There are only 2 mineral sunscreens (titanium dioxide and zinc oxide) and both are referred to as physical blockers. They work on the uppermost layer of skin to both absorb, and to deflect and scatter sun’s rays.

There are more than 30 synthetic sunscreen ingredients, all of which work by absorbing into the top layer of skin, scattering and deflecting UV rays and converting them into heat to “deactivate” them.

There are some carrier oils that have natural UV protection. Those oils are Carrot Seed Oil, and Red Raspberry Seed Oil. Both of these are in a Moisturizer I make called Shady. I have been known to add zinc oxide to my own lotion as well to create a personal sunscreen without synthetic ingredients (hint hint). Zinc Oxide leaves a slightly chalky residue and that’s ok when the alternative is burning and blistering.

I don’t mind at all when customers ask me what my personal skincare regime is. I oil cleanse in the shower with OCM All Skin or Mature Skin formula. Rose Water is my go-to toner. Hyaluronic Acid is my standard humectant though currently I’m beta testing a new formulation I’m tentatively calling Sea Hag Serum (& I’m kinda loving it…waiting for my other beta testers to let me know what they think before I release it.) If my skin feels at all tight or inflamed I reach for Chamomile Serum next, and then Facial Elixir. Sometimes I like a little Rose & Aloe in the eye area and other times Argan Aloe Eye Serum. Fresh Face Moisturizer (or Shady if I’m going to be outside most of the day) followed by Summer Bouquet Facial Oil. In the evening I cleanse with a micellar water and follow it with Daily Botanical Moisturizer in Mature Skin formula.

I actually recommend DBM Mature to anyone over the age of 30, 25 if they’re exposed to the extremes of the environment. Why? Because it’s packed full of botanicals that skin needs to stave off the effects of aging.

Hey I didn’t geek out too much in this last post! I do hope you’ve enjoyed this journey through skincare with me. Keep sending me questions and suggestions for topics you’d like me to chat about. I’ll keep creating more thoughtfully crafted, clean beauty skincare products for you.

While this concludes the skin care series, we have lots more to chat about so stay tuned to see what is coming next! Thanks for hanging out with me!

Discover #greenbeauty #cleanbeauty #skincare at Cats Paw Farm.

Here are a few of the ingredients that are detrimental to skin and other tissues so that you can make good choices. Watch out for these when you’re reading ingredients so that you can steer clear.:
Stearic Acid (palm oil derivative – actually palm oil hides behind around 237 different names. eek!)
Diethanolamine (DEA)
Monoethanolamine (MEA)
Triethanolamine (TEA)
Mineral Oil
DMDM Hydantoin (Imidazolidinyl)
Parabens in all forms (methyl, butyl, ethyl, propyl)
Polyethylene glycol (PEG with or without numbers behind it)
Phthalates (see my post on phthalates for more info)
Propylene Glycol
Butylene Glycol
Siloxane (often tagged onto the end such as cyclotetrasiloxane)
Methicone (often tagged onto the end)
Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLE)

Elixirs , Eye Creams, and Moisturizer

Doesn’t Elixir sound like something out of Greek Mythology, like akin to Ambrosia? It’s kind of Ambrosia for your facial skin now that I think about it. Ambrosia translates literally to “not mortal”…and sorry I don’t usually get geeky in the first paragraph. eep! Elixirs and Moisturizers are formulated to address and repair damage (aka fine lines and wrinkles), provide additional hydration, and to do some deep healing overnight – to help you with that “ageless” look. Hopefully these products will become some of your favs, too.

Elixirs are usually combinations of oils, herbal components, plant extracts, and or butters. These wonderful potions are designed to repair at a cellular level. The smaller molecule size of ingredients used allow them to penetrate skin levels in a high concentration. Elixirs are used sparingly, similar to serums. Elixirs soothe, reduce fine lines, and even skin tone. Elixirs can also address rosacea, eczema, and acne.

Oftentimes an Elixir is combined with a humectant. Because the terms Serum and Elixir are often used interchangeably the product line has blurred. They are both cellular repair products and most of us can benefit from using them in our skin care arsenal. I’ll admit that the precise naming convention is blurred in my own product line for the sheer euphony of one word versus the other.

This is probably a good time to chat about the Comedogenic Scale. This is a ranking of oils and butter by how likely they are to clog pores when used in cosmetic formulation. The scale uses a numbering system 0-5 with oils and butters that are least likely to settle into pores and combine with sebum having a lower number.

So what is considered non-comedogenic? Pretty much anything rated at 2 or less is considered non pore-clogging. Ingredients rated 5 are those that are just about guaranteed to settle into pores and combine with sebum.

Examples of non-comedogenic oils & butters are Argan, Jojoba, Blackberry Seed, Hemp Seed, and Shea. Examples of comedogenic oils and butters are Cocoa Butter, Coconut Oil, and Palm Oil (we don’t use Palm oil in our products, for health reasons.) Everything else falls onto the scale between the two extremes.

The catch is that some of the oils and butters with higher numbers are the most emollient and very effective for dry and maturing skin. It’s a balancing act, and one of the reasons it’s not a great idea to just throw together some oils from your kitchen cupboard and use them on your face. I pick up and look at a lot of skin care products made by crafters at vendor shows and I can tell really quickly if they know what they’re doing by the oils listed in the ingredients. If there’s no ingredients list on the product (and it’s common) that’s a whole other problem…

When I’m formulating a skincare product I take into consideration the dynamic of the fatty acid profile as well as the comedogenic scale. Different fatty acids have vastly different properties and uses in skin care.

Chamomile Serum
Aloe Vera Extract
Facial Elixir

Eye Cream
Before delving into Moisturizer, let’s chat about eye cream for just a moment. The skin around your eyes is different than the skin on the rest of your face. First off, it is ten times thinner than facial skin. Also, there are no oil glands in the eye area so this skin tends towards dryness and fine line formation. When the body is dehydrated it is apparent in the eye area and has a limp, baggy appearance. The foundational collagen structure of the eye area loses its elasticity as we age and is exacerbated by allergies, crying, internal hydration levels, eye makeup removal, contact lens insertion and removal, mascara application, squinting, and smiling. Blinking alone has been calculated to be responsible for over 10,000 movements of the skin around the eyes each day.

So the next step in our skin care routine is eye cream. Eye cream is specifically formulated for the delicate skin around the eyes. These tend to be thicker and gentler. Oils used here should be non-comedogenic. HLA is also a really good option for a stand alone eye product.

Argan Aloe Eye Cream
Hyaluronic Acid
Rosehip Seed Oil Roller

We know now that aging reduces the skin’s elasticity. I’m asked a lot if moisturizer is important. Yes. Yes it is. Now I know that we’ve talked about a lot of different types of products, but seriously if you only do one thing after you cleanse and tone – moisturize.

Moisturizing reduces the chance of developing extreme conditions in the skin. Because our facial skin is the only skin that is constantly exposed to every extreme of the environment it runs the risk of developing dryness and oiliness in response to these environmental conditions. Moisturizing gives your skin a barrier from heat, cold, and wind. Leaving moisturizer out of the skin care routine can lead to deepening wrinkles. No one wants that!

Baby Face-Men’s Moisturizer
Daily Botanical Moisturizer-Mature Skin Formula
Daily Botanical Moisturizer-Oily Skin Formula

Ok, so we know why moisturizer is important now. Let’s talk about what moisturizer should contain to do the best job possible for your skin. There are four classes of ingredients in moisturizer: occlusives, humectants, emollients, and barrier-repairing ingredients (aka ceramides.) Within each of these classes of ingredients there are both wholly natural as well as wholly synthetic choices to be made by the formulator. Cats Paw products are wholly natural and derived from plants (except for lanolin and beeswax which are derived from sheep wool and bees.)

Remember that humectants (such as HLA, aloe, glycerin, calendula) are the ingredients that attract water from the environment and draw it into the skin in order to hydrate it.

Daily Botanical Moisturizer-Dry Skin Formula
Fresh Face Moisturizer
Rosie Moisturizer

The purpose of emollient ingredients is to soften and soothe dry, rough, flaky skin. These ingredients are often wax-like or have chemical properties very like skin itself (such as jojoba oil…which is actually a wax.) Shea, lanolin, and squalene are also great emollients.

Occlusive ingredients used for moisturizers should be low in comedogenicity. These oils and butters create the physical barrier on top of the skin to retain moisture within. Examples of natural occlusives are oils, butters, and beeswax.

Shady Moisturizer
Daily Botanical Moisturizer-Normal Skin Formula
Relax Honey CBD Moisturizer

The barrier repairing ingredients prevent permeability and prevent dryness and irritation. They also act as plumpers and minimize the appearance of fine lines. Natural barrier repairing ingredients (aka ceramides) are essential fatty acids that occur in the natural skin barrier. These ingredients are those which are most often synthetically synthesized (but not in our products.)

At Cats Paw Farm you’ll find a selection of Elixirs and Eye products and a variety of Moisturizers that are formulated by skin type and environmental condition. I’m always happy to work with you to recommend one your skin will love.

Discover #greenbeauty #cleanbeauty #skincare at Cats Paw Farm.

Hydration, Hydration, Hydration!

Hydration and Nourishment is the next step in a skin care routine. And if you are confused about Serums, Elixirs, Humectants, Oils, and Moisturizer you are not alone. And it’s going to be ok. You know by now I’m going to get a little geeky, but it’s all going to get straightened out and be less confusing when we’re done. So let’s chat about Serums and Humectants today.

The products in between toner and moisturizer are diverse. It’s no wonder they’re confusing. Basically, these products are designed to hydrate at a cellular level, and they’re anything but basic. A great payload of nourishment can accompany the hydration and that can be a good thing when that nourishment is organic and natural. Beware of sending a big slurry of synthetics into the deeper levels of your skin. It might look all fine and good at first, and 3-4 weeks down the road when those cells work to the surface you could realize you have a problem. Just a heads up… (check out Milia, and KP, and burns…oh my! for more info)

These are products that are usually sold in small bottles, but don’t let that fool you! A little goes a long ways, and since you are applying to skin that has been cleansed and toned your skin can utilize these nutrients efficiently. More is not better. A pumpkin seed or pinky nail sized portion is a good rule of thumb. A thumbnail sized portion is too much.

Serums are an efficient and concentrated delivery method for skin nutrition. They can also target specific concerns such as rosacea and flaking skin, and they absorb easily and deeply.

Serums are relatively new in the scope of skincare. While the first serum was introduced in the 1930’s, they did not gain momentum until the 1990’s.

Side note and a recipe!…that early serum was a product with a very short lifespan because it was primarily albumin (egg white) with no preservative and it was designed to tighten the skin and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.

While commercially the product was not feasible, it has merit as a great home facial mask. It’s simple to make. (which is another reason it didn’t catch on as a commercial product.)

Here’s how to make your own Egg White Facial:
Separate an egg white from the yolk, whisk the white into a froth and apply to the face and neck for 15-20 minutes. Rinse with cold water, followed by wiping with a cotton ball saturated in more cold water. The result is a visibly tightened and lifted appearance.

One of my childhood memories is of my grandmother doing this on Sunday mornings. She was radiant, and it only takes minutes to achieve. It feels great, and is a wonderful addition to your self-care routine.

Modern serums have a base of purified water and (usually) hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid (HLA) is a sugar molecule that binds water to collagen. HLA is a substance that is naturally present in the human body. It has a low pH (this is why it is classified as an acid), and is clear and gooey. It is an essential component of skin because of its ability to support collagen. Despite being classed as an acid, HLA is not an exfoliator as you might expect from an acid: it is a humectant. Humectants attract and bind water. Collagen firms the skin and HLA nourishes and hydrates the collagen. As a stand-alone product it can be used morning (and evening again if desired), or used as a carrier for something even more magical that we’ll get to in a minute.

I’m just finishing up with beta testing on another Serum that will be released soon so look for SeaHag Serum to join the line up on our shelves and the website.

Plump & Sooth Serum
Hyaluronic Acid Serum

Check out the skin nurturing Hydration Products at Cats Paw Farm. I”m always happy to work with you to help determine the right one for your skincare needs.

I get asked frequently if I’m ever going to formulate a Vitamin C Serum. My answer is always no. I’d rather teach you how to make it. Why? Because Vitamin C is volatile and light, heat, and air causes oxidation and loss of potency very quickly. It’s virtually impossible to create a product that is isolated from light, heat, and air. So…what about those super expensive vitamin c serums being sold by (insert expensive skin care company here)? Sadly, there is no difference-they are not exempt from science. The amount of Vitamin C in those formulations by the time it gets to the customer is negligible, even if you are paying $85 for 1/4 ounce of it. Sorry, not sorry. I won’t do that to my customers.

What I will do is show you how to make it fresh, and make it in a small quantity that you can use right now and get the intended benefits from.

What you’ll need for your own Homemade Vitamin C Serum:
Cats Paw Farm Hyaluronic Acid
Liposomal Vitamin C
(I get my LVC from Amazon and use the Premium Liposomal Vitamin C 2000mg – 180 Capsules from Natuspur Store for both my internal daily C and making my own Vitamin C Serum…and I don’t have an affiliate link or anything so just search for it when you get to Amazon…you’re welcome 😀 )

Separate one of the capsules and sprinkle a little of the Vitamin C into 10 drops of HLA in your hand. Mix it together until it dissolves, and then apply to face. You’re really only going to need about 3 drops of the serum, but it’s very difficult to mix up 3 drops. Invite a friend over and share – or grab your SO and treat them to some nice skincare, too.

Don’t overdo the amount of Vitamin C. It’s better to start out with less than you think is right and work up to about a 1:10 ratio of Vitamin C to HLA. Vitamin C/Ascorbic Acid can burn sensitive skin – think about all those sour gummy candies you may have eaten as a child and the mouth sores that ensued after a binge. Ok, maybe that was just me…but probably not.

When I say a little I really do mean that. You want to use about the size of a drop if the Vitamin C were liquid – a single capsule can last you a very long time so just store it in a little baggie to separate the one you’re using for your skin and put it back into the bottle until next time.

This Vitamin C serum can be used 1-2 times a week to help with skin appearance and texture. You might find it fades blotches and reduces the visibility of scar tissue, too.

Humectants attract moisture – from the air – into your skin! This is kind of magical when you think about it…that you can draw that summer rainstorm into your body, right? Humectants do this and then lock that moisture to their own molecules and take that moisture into the skin tissue. So in a way then you now -are- the summer rainstorm…I love that.

HLA is a humectant. Glycerin is also a natural humectant. Glycerin is a larger molecule than HLA and so does not penetrate as quickly or as deeply as HLA. Honey is also a humectant and has antibacterial, anti-fungal, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is especially beneficial to cuticles, hair, and skin. Honey should really have a post all to itself because it is amazing in so many ways. I’ll put that on my future-post list. Other natural humectants include Aloe Vera, Pyroglutamic Acid (this is also found naturally in the human body, in grasses, and in some fruits), hydrolyzed wheat, hydrolyzed oats, baobab, hydrolyzed rice proteins, and some plant extracts such as calendula extract.

Humectants have a tremendously important role in skin care and their use should not be ignored. Skin cannot remain plump and youthful in appearance without moisture and as we age the amount of natural moisture in our skin wanes so we need to augment it with natural products that promote getting moisture back into our skin.

I hope you are enjoying this series on skin and the products effective in its care. Next time we’ll delve into elixirs, facial oils, and eye creams. Thanks for hanging out with me!

Discover #greenbeauty #cleanbeauty #skincare at Cats Paw Farm.

Astringents and Toner…(and a geek out about phenols)…

Ok, it’s been awhile since we chatted last about skin care, or anything actually. Life happens sometimes. And I love all the Qs you send me, too – keep those coming! I had a great Q about tooth powder and cavity fighting ingredients in commercial toothpaste that I answered on FB. I’ll blog about that in a future post, too. For now let’s get back to our skin care discussion though because there is a lot of really interesting stuff left to cover!

Toners and astringents can be confusing. They do mostly the same thing: serve as a final cleansing step, reduce the appearance of pore size, and reduce redness. The biggest difference between toners and astringents is subtle. Toners hydrate, nourish, and balance pH levels while astringents also serve to remove skin oil. We know from previous posts that removing skin oil isn’t necessarily a good thing, which is why an astringent use is best limited to sparingly (once a day) when used. Toners can be used as desired because they have no astringent component.

Most astringents contain an alcohol and the molecules of oil and alcohol have similar enough polarity that they do not repel each other. The oil and alcohol mix and both can be wiped away together.

Alcohol breaks down into sugars that can crystalize your skin cells. This is known as glycation and it leads to visible deflation of skin and a dull complexion. The hormone IGF1 is also triggered by sugar and results in an overproduction of oil in your skin… All of a sudden we’re right back in that vicious cycle of oily skin, using something to make it better that makes it worse again. Check out Is Your Acne Treatment Making Your Skin Worse? if you missed that post.

Toner is a thin watery liquid that hydrates, restores balance to the skin and adds a last cleansing step to your skincare routine. Toners are alcohol-free, even though the toner family also includes astringents which generally are not alcohol-free. Toners can be used freely. Sometimes it feels great to spritz a floral toner as a pick me up. Most facial sprays are actually toners. (If you smell alcohol in it….it’s an astringent. Limit your use of those to one time a day if you use them.)

Do you remember when a splash of cold water was all that was recommended after cleansing? That was the super simple skincare routine before the influx of commercial products: soap for cleansing followed by a bracing splash of the coldest water your tap could run. There is actual science behind that, and is still a respectable choice. Cold water hydrates your skin and closes pores. It helps constrict pores and reduces redness by closing off capillaries at the surface. This lessens puffiness as the blood and lymph fluid is thus cleansed and removed from the body. (There’s a lot of other stuff that happens in between there and I’m going to get geeky later so I’ll not go into how that all happens now.) Cold water is not a long-term fix. It works temporarily until the skin warms again.

Sandalwood Face & Body Spray
Rose Water Hair & Face Spritz
Rose Hydrosol

Cats Paw Farm has a full line of skin-type specific Toners, Hydrosols, and Astringent Products I’ll be happy to work with you and help you determine the right one for your needs.

Hydrosols (aka Waters)
Hydrosols are the result of distillation of the plant essence. They are hydrophillic in nature and carry a plethora of benefits within them. Though they’re referred to as “Waters” they are not the same as running water from your tap. Hydrosols contain nutrients and compounds that can aid in skin maladies, too. The Hydrosols we use are organic and small-batch processed.

Rose is one of the hydrosols we use and it is widely known as simply Rose Water. Rose Water is an antioxidant and an antimicrobial. It can also reduce transdermal water loss, putting it on our humectant list. Rose Water has been shown to soothe eczema, psoriasis, and environmentally damaged skin such as flaking from cold, wind, and sunburn. Rose water is high in Vitamins A & C (deficiencies in both of these have been linked to premature aging.)

Hyperpigmentation fade and fine line improvement are other benefits of Rose Water. This is because Rose Water increases new cell turnover – it is working at the basement layer of the skin! Traditional medicines around the globe have utilized rose water to alleviate fevers, breast pain and menstrual pain, to cleanse wounds, promote healing and soften scar tissue.

Usually water based, astringents are similar to toners but different in their mechanism. These are formulas used to remove irritants from skin and to even out skin tone. There is a spectrum of ingredient types in this category from liquids that are nutritious and natural, to harsh synthetics. Astringents are more likely to contain a concentration of an alcohol or witch hazel. Know your ingredients, and make good choices.

Witch Hazel
Witch Hazel is an astringent ingredient that has been back and forth on the good/bad list for years. Be sure your witch hazel ingredients are organic (ours are.) What witch hazel brings to the table are tannins and that puts it on the astringent list.

Rose Facial Toner
Lavender Facial Toner
Cedar Rosemary Facial Toner

Hang with me for a brief aside (geek alert)…Technically tannins break down to yield bioflavonoids. Hold on to Bioflavonoids in your head for just a minute.

Tannins are also a form of salicylates which are a form of phenol. Whether phenol is detrimental or beneficial to human health depends on its source and therefore its concentration. Phenol is toxic if a person were to consume it straight without a carrier. Pure phenol is used medically in a few different ways and can be found in oral analgesics and sore throat sprays in very dilute concentrations over-the-counter. It’s the phenol in trichloroacetic acid chemical peel that burns through the layers of skin if we harken back to Milia, and KP, and burns…oh my!

Salicylates are a type of phenol that occurs naturally in plants (and can also be synthesized in the laboratory.) The most widely known synthesized salicylate containing substance is probably Aspirin. In nature, salicylates occur in much smaller concentrations and work as antioxidants to stop the reaction of free-radicals with the molecules of your body. Anti-oxidants prevent damage to the telomeres of our DNA by replacing the missing electron of the free-radical molecule and thus render it harmless.

Think of telomeres like a series of knots that keep the DNA strand intact, or a cap on the end of the DNA strand that is unfastened each time the genetic material is replicated. Telomeres are important, and each time a cell in our bodies copy itself the telomeres get shorter. We can’t prevent that, but we can prevent them from getting shortened by free radical oxidation in between copies. When a telomere gets too short to do its job our cells age and stop functioning properly. I could continue to geek out about telomeres and their role in aging, but let’s save that for another time!

Phenolic antioxidants with great health effects are the Bioflavonoids broken down from Tannins, Tocopherols, Resveratrol, and oregano oil.

The bottom line with Tannins in skin care is that their anti-inflammatory properties are phenomenal. They help minimize redness, reduce cell damage, are antimicrobial. In nature, tannins precipitate out protein exudates from bacteria and fungi and render them inert to infect the host plant (this is how they are anti-fungal and anti-microbial.) Condensed tannins have been shown to protect collagen and elastin (your skin’s dermal matrix) by direct protein interaction which constricts and reduces the size of pores. (yay for anything that reduces pore size, right?)

The way that compounds are inter-related is fascinating isn’t it? I hope that the above led to some aha moments as a lot of skin and health ‘buzz words’ got strung together and their actual chemical and physiological relationships explained. All of the above to lead me eventually to this – Witch Hazel is soooo good for your skin and it can be considered a highly beneficial part of your daily skin routine.

Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple Cider Vinegar also contains a high tannin content, so it is an astringent as well. The smell of ACV will linger until it dries and is why most people are averse to using it straight.

There are many Hydrosols, Toners, and Astringents available to choose from on the Cats Paw website. If you need assistant don’t hesitate to reach out and let’s chat about your particular need.

I hope you are enjoying this series on skin and the products effective in its care. Next time we’ll delve into serums and humectants. Thanks for hanging out with me!

Discover #greenbeauty #cleanbeauty skincare at Cats Paw Farm.